Having a healthy and active cat is certainly a dream and pleasure for all cat owners in the world, my friend, however, no matter how good the treatment is, sometimes there are still diseases that attack, one of which is caused by a virus.
Therefore, it is necessary to know in advance what types of viruses can attack cats and the dangers and how to prevent them so that every cat you have is not exposed to the virus, here are 7 types of viruses in cats.
1. Feline Panleukopenia Virus (FPV)
This disease virus, also known as Feline Parvovirus, causes serious viral diseases when infecting cats, especially kittens that have not been vaccinated. Death caused by this disease virus is quite high, which is around 25 to 85 percent. There are many cases of cats that died due to the late handling of the Panleucopenia virus.
Mode of Transmission
This disease virus can only be transmitted to other cats by direct or indirect transmission. Direct transmission is carried out by touching objects that are infected with the disease virus. And transmission is not directly exposed when breathing air contaminated with disease viruses, so that the spread of disease viruses (Also read about how to make cats poop in the sand and be trained)
Panleucopenia can be affected in a short time. The disease virus can also be transmitted to kittens when they are just born, if the mother has contracted the disease during pregnancy. This disease virus cannot be transmitted to dogs or humans. (Also read about how to keep a mother cat from moving her kittens)
Panleucopenia virus can survive outside the body of cats for a long time and almost all types of disinfectants cannot eradicate the presence of this disease virus. The disease virus enters the cat’s body by
respiratory pathways such as the nose and mouth, then develop in the body also attack the defense glands, bone marrow, and mucous membranes in the intestines which cause damage to the digestive tract of cats. (Also read about how to treat itching in Angora cats)
Cats infected with this disease virus will show several signs, such as loss of appetite, followed by severe diarrhea and prolonged vomiting. (Also read about types of oral disease in cats)
2. Feline Calici Virus
This disease virus attacks the respiratory tract, mouth, digestion, muscles and bones. The signs shown are loss of appetite, watery eyes, runny nose, sores on the tongue and lips, difficulty breathing and joint pain. (Also read about the type of vaccine in cats)
In severe cases, pneumonia, hepatitis, and bleeding are also affected. Transmission of Feline Calici is exposed through mucus from the eyes and nose, inhalation of disease viruses from sneezing, the use of eating bowls and shared litterboxes, as well as environmental contamination.
3. Chlmydophilosis Virus
This viral disease is caused by the bacterium Chlamydiasis felis which mostly attacks kittens aged 5 to 12 weeks. The signs shown are fever, sneezing and runny nose, loss of appetite and inflamed eyes. If not treated viral eye infection will get worse in 2 months can also be transmitted with eye mucus for several months.
4. Feline rhinotracheitis
This viral disease is caused by the herpes virus, which causes problems in the upper respiratory tract. Pregnant cat breeders as well as cats with poor immunity are at high risk of contracting it.
Uncontrolled sneezing is one of the signs experienced. In addition, clear or green mucus discharge from the nose, loss of ability to smell, discharge from the eyes, inflammation occurs in the eyes, often cats prefer to close their eyes, fever, weakness and miscarriage.
5. Feline Infectious Peritonitis Virus
This viral disease is caused by the Feline coronavirus disease virus (FCoV). Transmission is exposed with saliva or feces as well as with the placenta from parent to offspring. The level of malignancy of this disease virus depends on the immune system of the infected cat.
6. Feline Immunodeficiency Virus
The FIV disease virus has similarities with the HIV disease virus that infects humans, which is both attacking the immune system. Just like the HIV disease virus, FIV also does not have a drug or vaccine that can cure or prevent the transmission of this disease virus.
Can’t be cured
Cats that are positive for FIV can only be kept in good condition so they are not susceptible to other viral diseases due to a weakened immune system.
FIV can be transmitted to other cats by direct transmission with bite wounds that are infected with the virus by a viral disease, or transmitted to kittens when they are conceived by parents who can be infected with the virus.
Aggressive male cats also like to roam outside the house are more at risk of contracting this disease virus. Aggressive cats will easily get into fights with cats that can be infected with the FIV virus, so that these cats can be infected with bite wounds.
As previously explained, FIV cannot be prevented or treated because there is no vaccine or drug to prevent this virus. However, my friend can take some precautions so that pet cats do not contract FIV as follows.
– Keep your pet cat from roaming outside the house and meeting stray cats.
– Reduce the aggressive nature of male cats by neutering.
– Keep the home environment clean and provide nutritious food for pet cats, and carry out regular vaccinations.
7. Feline Leukemia Virus disease
In general, this disease virus is almost the same as FIV which attacks the immune system. Cats infected with this disease virus will experience a decline in their condition in three years until they die. Lick too
Fighting is a common cause of infection. Kittens can also be infected while in the womb or with mother’s milk. Cats can also be carriers, looking healthy but still potentially infectious.
Well buddy, that’s a viral disease that can infect both pet cats and stray cats, but my friend, of course the best way is to prevent rather than treat, because it is necessary to do all the best care
for cats, namely by maintaining cleanliness, providing the best nutrition, and regularly checking with the vet. Okay buddy, hopefully it’s useful to add insight and hopefully all of your cats are always healthy and happy. See you in the next article, thank you.